Nanjing/Nanning [CN] - Reintroduction of Trolleybuses – a real option
J. Lehmann - 16.03.09
Nanjing – China
Nanjing is the capital of China's Jiangsu Province, located in the lower Yangtze River drainage basin and Yangtze River Delta economic zone- Nanjing has always been one of China's most important cities. With an urban population of over five million, it is also the second largest commercial centre in the East China region, after Shanghai.
The city boasts an efficient network of public transportation, which mainly consists of bus, taxi and metro systems. The bus network, which is currently run by four companies (Nanjing Gongjiao", "Zhongbei", "Argos" and "Xincheng"), consists of more than 170 routes covering all parts of the city and suburban areas. The Nanjing Metro Line 1, started service on May 15, 2005, and Line 2 began construction in November 2005. The city is planning to complete a 433 kilometre (269 miles) long Metro and light-rail system by 2050.
Now, according to a press release of the “Nanjing People's Political Consultative Conference“ in Januaty 2009 the reintroduction of Trolleybuses to the city is being seriously considered as an ecologically sensible, and, in the long term, also econimcal answer to help combat and reduce the ever increasing heavy traffic congestion.
Local costing estimates of the variable overheads project between 144.65 an 196.61 yuan per 100 kilometres for Trolleybuses (The two extremes represent different times of the year) and between 181.29 and 200.04 for diesel buses. When taking into consideration the costs of the infrastructure and it's maintenance the total for both systems is about equal.
Currently, the Renminbi, literally the People's currency, abbreviated to RMB, is the currency of the People's Republic of China. The units for the Renminbi are the Yuan, Jiao and Fen: 1 Yuan = 10 Jiao = 100 Fen
Current exchange rate*:
1.00 GBP = 10.0668 CNY.
Trolleybuses are not new to Nanjing. On 01.08.1960 the first of four routes was opened with 16 vehicles running from Xinjiekou - Shanxi Road. The system grew to a four route system with 116 Vehicles until it was closed in 1966 and all routes were converted to diesel bus operation.
It is suggested the a new Trolleybus system would initially consist of routes originating at the Southern Railway Station to, amongst others, Jiangning, a suburb to the South, Pukou, to the North West, and Xianlin, to the North East. The growth of private cars has been doubling each years for some considerable time and this is becoming somewhat of an environmental nightmare.
Text: Dirk Budach
Translation and additional facts Bankes